Day three included good content both in and outside the congress venue. Bike and bus tours gave participants insight into how and why cycling works in Leeuwarden. Photo by Annie Van Cleve.
Viewed from above, an aqueduct in Leeuwarden is designed so cyclists using the cycle track climb up a gentle grade. Photo by Annie Van Cleve.
Cyclists and other users of bicycle infrastructure, like the people shown here, have priority at roundabouts in Leeuwarden. Photo by Annie Van Cleve.
Kalle Vaismaa discussed the key elements necessary to good winter maintenance. Photo by Annie Van Cleve.
Before WCC Oulu, Timo Perälä collected some data about winter cycling mostly from Scandinavian traffic surveys and reports. Still, this is not a complete picture of winter cycling around the world. Slide from Timo Perälä’s presentation.
Cycling across the Stone Arch Bridge in Minneapolis, which together with twin city Saint Paul will host the 2016 Winter Cycling Congress. Photo by Maverick Drone Systems.
Obviously, the Dutch children’s circus involves bicycle acrobatics!
The underground bike parking garage at NHL Hogeschool keeps bikes dry.
Whether the climate is hot or cold, people will say it is too much as Meredith Glaser points out.
Timo Perälä, President of the Winter Cycling Federation and organiser of Winter Cycling Congress Oulu explained the goal of all the winter cycling discussion is to keep the earth cool.
Delegate bikes are available for use during the three days of the congress. Photo by Simon Fessard.
The first day of the congress was a great success! Photo by Guilherme Costa.
It was an intense moment when Denmark, the Netherlands and Finland faced off in the slowest bike race ever! Pekka Tahkola of Finland won with 2:10.
Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.
Pascal van de Noort served as moderator on Day 2. Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.
Johan Diepens discussing the “Past, present and future of winter cycling in the Netherlands.” Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.
Delegates all set to take off on a cycling tour of Leeuwarden.
Photo by Ole Kassow.
Photo by Ole Kassow.
Herbert Tiemens of the Region of Utrecht presents. Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.
Bernhard Ensink of the European Cyclists’ Federation presents. Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.
Peter van de Knaap of SWOV presents. Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.
Mikael Colville-Andersen of Copenhagenize Design Company presented a keynote address. Photo by Guilherme Costa.
Shirley Agudo displayed her book and photos at the Winter Cycling Congress. Photo by Guilherme Costa.
Kalle Vaismaa from Tampere University of Technology in Finland spoke about land use planning and winter maintenance. Photo by Guilherme Costa.
The rollympic torch has passed to the 2016 hosts of the Winter Cycling Congress: Minneapolis & Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA. Photo by Guilherme Costa.
Tom Babin of the Calgary Herald gave a keynote address on the last day of the congress. Photo by Guilherme Costa.
Peter van de Knaap of SWOV, Tom Babin of the Calgary Herald, Bernhard Ensink of ECF, Myriam Corzilius of Fietsmuseum Amsterdam and Natalie Gille of BikeMN during the closing plenary. Photo by Liesbeth van Alphen.